Mastering the Fundamentals of Electric Fencing

Date Posted: 24 February 2023 

The fundamentals of Electric Fencing

Are you looking to install electric fencing around your property?

Electric fencing is a great way to keep your animals safe and secure. It's easy to install, cost-effective, and requires minimal maintenance. Electric fences can be built using wires, insulators, testers, and energisers. This process is usually quick and easy.

Electric fencing provides a physical and psychological barrier for people and animals. In addition, electric fences deter unwanted visitors with an electric shock when touched.

Read our electric fencing guide to learn more about how electric fences work. This way, you can make better decisions when you install one.


Types of Electric Fencing

So what is an electric fence?

Electric fencing is an excellent way to keep your animals safe. It is easy to install and does not need much upkeep. Different types of electric fences are available, each with its features and benefits. Here are some of the most popular electric fence types so you can choose the best one for your needs!


Permanent Electric Fencing

Permanent electric fencing uses electric wire and insulators. This electric fence is designed to work well in all weather conditions and is not difficult to install. Permanent electric fences only need a little care and are a good choice for large areas or when you need the fence to last for a long time.

Portable Electric Fencing

Portable electric fencing is a type of electric fence that can be quickly put up and taken down for temporary purposes. This fencing is ideal for enclosing smaller areas or providing extra protection over a more extended period.

Comparison of Different Types of Electric Fencing

When selecting electric fencing, it is vital to consider the features and benefits of each type.

Permanent electric fences provide a long-term solution that is relatively easy to install and maintain.

On the other hand, portable electric fences can be set up and taken down quickly for temporary fencing applications.


Components of an Electric Fence System

Electric fencing is a great way to keep your animals safe and secure, but it does need some knowledge of electric fence components. Understanding how it works can help you make informed decisions when installing an electric fence system.



An energiser is the most critical component of an electric fencing system. It produces a pulsating electric current that travels along the wire. The electric current is harmless to animals but provides an electric shock when touched.

Fence Wire

Electric fences use wire to carry the electric current from the energiser to the insulators. Choose a wire that can withstand your electric current.


Electric fence insulators are used to secure the wire to electric posts or electric poles. They also help prevent electric current from dissipating into the ground and keep it within the fence.

Ground Rods

Ground rods ensure that electric current is grounded. They also help protect the energiser from electrical overloads. They are a physical barrier to safeguard electric fence components from the elements.


Installation of an Electric Fence

Before you install an electric fence, it is vital to understand the type of electric fence you are using and what parts you need for installation. You should also check the rules for electric fences in your area and ensure that your fence meets all the safety requirements.


Steps for Installing a Permanent Electric Fence

To install a permanent electric fence, you need an electric fence wire, insulators, and an electric energiser.

First, connect the electric fence wire to the electric poles or posts with the insulators. Then attach a ground rod to ensure that electricity is grounded.

Finally, turn on the energiser and make sure it is working right.

Steps for Installing a Portable Electric Fence

Portable electric fences are easy to set up and take down for temporary applications. You will need an electric fence wire and insulators to install a portable electric fence.

First, use insulators to secure the electric fence wire along each post or pole. Next, connect all components by plugging in power cords at wall sockets inside any structure near where you will be using it.

Finally, ensure you are properly trained before installing any electric fencing system.


Maintenance of an Electric Fence

Regular electric fence maintenance is critical to ensure your electric fencing system is working correctly and not endangering your livestock or other animals. It's essential to check all electric fence components regularly and replace any damaged or worn-out parts.


Regular Cleaning and Inspection

It is important to keep components clean and free of debris. Periodically inspect electric fence wires, posts, poles, insulators, and power supplies for damage.

Check the ground around the fence for holes or other potential escape routes.

Be sure to replace components that show wear or damage.

Repairing Broken or Damaged Components

If you find damaged components, you must repair or replace them as soon as possible. Find parts compatible with your electric fencing system and replace them as needed. In addition, be sure to check the energiser settings and electric fence wire tension periodically.

Maintenance Schedule and Tips

Create a schedule to check and fix electric fence parts that are not working.

Check wires, posts, poles, and insulators for damage once a week. Check the energisers for proper operation at least once a month. And check ground rods for proper grounding and wire tension every few months.


Choosing the Right Energiser for Your Electric Fence

Electric fences are a great way to keep animals safe and contained. Knowing the fundamentals of electric fencing – electric fence components, installation, and maintenance – will help you install and maintain electric fencing safely and correctly.


Power Output

The power output should match the electric fence wire and electric posts or poles.

Choose an energiser that can handle your electric current to power your electric fence.

Battery Life

Electric fence energisers are available in a variety of voltages and battery life. Some electric fence energisers need batteries that have to be replaced often. Others come with batteries that can be used over and over again.

Distance Between Energiser and Fence

You should mount your energiser close enough to the electric fence to power the wires, poles, or posts effectively. When choosing an electric fence energiser, think about how long the fence is and how much electricity it needs.

Factors to Consider When Choosing an Energiser

Consider factors such as electric fence type, electric current requirements, voltage output, battery life, and distance between the energiser and the electric fence when choosing an energiser.


Get Electric Fencing Equipment at Jono & Johno!

Jono & Johno has everything you need if you need electric fencing equipment, such as an electric fence tester or an electric fence kit. We're Australia's premier chainsaw and fencing equipment. Shop electric fencing equipment online or visit us in-store.


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